Search and book Gay and Lesbian friendly hotels Hamburg, Germany.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights in Germany have evolved significantly over the course of the last decades. During the 1920s and early 1930s, lesbian and gay people in Berlin were generally tolerated by society and many bars and clubs specifically pertaining to gay men were opened.
Hamburg has a long history of being a gay friendly city and in downtown we can find a few gay friendly bars as well as Pick Up Gay Bar or M&V Bar are the most famous gay bars in Hamburg, Germany.
Hamburg, a major port city in northern Germany, is connected to the North Sea by the Elbe River. It’s crossed by hundreds of canals, and also contains large areas of parkland. Near its core, Inner Alster lake is dotted with boats and surrounded by cafes. The city’s central Jungfernstieg boulevard connects the Neustadt (new town) with the Altstadt (old town), home to landmarks like 18th-century St. Michael’s Church.
Top attractions to visit in Hamburg
Best tours in Hamburg
- Guided Hamburg City Bike Tour
- Hamburg Card
- Elbphilharmonie Hamburg Guided Walking Tour
- Hamburg Guided Bike Tour: Tradition and Modernity, Elbphilharmonie
- 10 secrets of Hamburg’s old town – exciting scavenger hunt tour
1. Egon Hotel Hamburg City 3* – Gay Friendly Hotels Hamburg
Set in Hamburg and with Port of Hamburg reachable within 1.2 km, Egon Hotel Hamburg City offers express check-in and check-out, allergy-free rooms, a restaurant, free WiFi throughout the property and a bar. Featuring a shared lounge, the 3-star hotel has air-conditioned rooms with a private bathroom. The accommodation provides a 24-hour front desk, an ATM and organising tours for guests.
The hotel offers a continental or buffet breakfast.
A business centre and vending machines with drinks and snacks are available on site at Egon Hotel Hamburg City.
Popular points of interest near the accommodation include St. Pauli Piers, St. Michael’s Church and Fish Market Hamburg.
A block from the Reeperbahn nightlife district, this pared-back hotel is a 2-minute walk from Reeperbahn S-Bahn station and 2.9 km from the model railways of Miniatur Wunderland.
The casual rooms come with free Wi-Fi and flat-screen TVs, as well as work desks.
There’s a casual restaurant and bar, in addition to a business center and 2 meeting rooms. A breakfast buffet and parking are offered for a surcharge.
Location is perfect. The area is one of the most lively in Hamburg. U bahn close, and P under the hotel if you arrive by car.
The hotel was modernized in 2018 and the rooms adequate for a nice stay. Also nice breakfast and bar area. Combining german and scandinavian look and charm. Fine breakfast.
Free WiFi – and it functions. Clean and sober everywhere. And very kind and helpful staff. On top a very reasonable price for the room.
The hotel is located close to the harbour and Reeperbahn, it was very clean with wonderful, helpful and friendly staff. The hotel had a good morning buffet. Very easy to park in the garage right under the hotel. Very good price.
Considering the hotel is classed as a three star i was very impressed by the hotel, the staff were very polite and the room was very clean and modern. In terms of location it’s located very near to the more lively side of Hamburg. It’s around a fifty minute walk to the port. A wise choice.
Egon is simple, un-fussy and pleasant – no silly designer furniture or decor themes in the lobby or rooms, but everything was clean and worked perfectly, and the staff was friendly and helpful. The location is convenient as well – right next to the Reeperbahn but NOT directly on it. I slept well and would certainly stay here again. In fact, as a guest, I wish more hotels (especially outside of Germany) would feel like this one.
From outside the hotel looked modern and stylish as the other times i visited the hotel, but later when I went to the room i realized that the hotel has been totally changed with lovely new beds and stylish furnitures. I felt so much at home when i entered my room that had a perfect sleeping temperature already when i entered the door.
Located just above Reeperbahn S-bahn station, room was very small but well designed and adequate. For the price, you get a comfortable bed, shower with good water pressure, good wifi, tv with English language news channels, a small hanging space for clothes, good suitcase shelf. Only negatives were no powerpoint at desk, towels are wafer thin and the heater struggled.
The check-in was quick and easy, staff were friendly and multilingual. The hotel has a nice looking restaurant and bar area.
How much does a room costs at Egon Hotel Hamburg City ?
This superior room features large double bed
Where to book online –Egon Hotel Hamburg City – Gay Friendly Hotels Hamburg – you can find the best hotels deals in Hamburg during Osterstraßenfest which is celebrated with much enthusiasm in Hamburg on Booking.com or Hotelscombined.com or Trip.com and see more reviews on TripAdvisor.
2. Scandic Hamburg Emporio 4* – Gay Friendly Accommodation Hamburg
This eco-friendly design hotel in central Hamburg features a 24-hour reception, free WiFi, a sauna and a gym. It is located 200 m from Gänsemarkt Underground Station.
Rooms at the Scandic Hamburg Emporio are inspired by the theme of water, and offer natural wooden furnishings and large windows. Cable TV, air cooling system, a work desk and a private bathroom are included in every room, while many rooms are also suitable for guests with limited mobility.
The hotel’s H20 Restaurant features a bar and lounge, as well as an outdoor terrace and a special section specifically for children. Guests can watch H20’s chefs as they prepare food in the open-plan kitchen.
Guests can also enjoy a varied and rich breakfast buffet daily, which features gluten-free, lactose-free and organic products.
This contemporary hotel is a 5-minute walk from Gänsemarkt U-Bahn station, 9 minutes’ stroll from Planten un Blomen park and 1.7 km from the Miniatur Wunderland model railway exhibit.
Offering floor-to-ceiling windows and wood floors, the straightforward, colorful rooms come with free Wi-Fi and flat-screen TVs, plus mini fridges, coffee makers and safes. Room service is available.
A sleek Scandinavian restaurant/bar features an open kitchen. Other amenities include 2 saunas and an exercise room.
The Scandic Hamburg Emporio combines sustainability, Scandinavian design and functionality in a unique way. The concept of “water” as a stylish design theme can be found throughout the hotel. The Hamburg hotel has 340 rooms in two categories, a restaurant and bar “H20”, as well as eight conference rooms with a view across the city. Thanks to its location on Gaensemarkt in the heart of the city, the Scandic Hamburg Emporio is the ideal starting point for holidaymakers and business travellers.
The Scandic Hotel is newly opened and we had a large room with nice new furniture. The Very nice quiet area with well renovated buildings, close to the U-Bahn and in walking distance to Europa Passage area with good shopping possibilities.
Nice neighborhood with a few cafés, bars and a kiosk. There are always taxis outside the hotel, and a few minutes to U-Bane and busses. Very close to shopping and the city center – 10 minutes walk to the Rathaus and a few minutes to the botanical garden ‘Planten un Blumen’ .
Very nice and quirky hotel with a great location in the centre of Hamburg. You are easily within a 5 min walk to some very nice restaurants, bars and shopping areas. The rooms are very clean and well kitted out with everything you need.
Movable beds are a lovely addition. The breakfast is great and conditions until about 10.30 which was great as we had many late evenings. The bar is well stocked but the staff can be a little slow.
Would happily stay here again.
The U2 line Gansemarkt station is 3 mintues walk away.
The hotel has modern minimalist deco. My room was on the first floor overlooking the Laeiszhalle, a beautiful historic building. There is a well equipped working table, an electric iron and a nice shower bathroom. The room is very clean and well maintained.
The check in and check out was efficient. They swiftly provided a electricity converter on request. And some extra complimentary bottled water. There are a bar and a restaurant on the ground floor.
Surrounding the area there are convenient stores and restaurants. It is a 10 minutes walk to the Parliament passed by the shopping area.
The Gaensemarkt station U2 line can be connected to the S1 airport line arriving at the airport by 40 minutes. You would need to take a while to find out the ticketing machine though.
The rooms are new with nice standard, free drinking water in the fridge. The beds are soft and nice. I always choose to stay here every time I visit Hamburg (approximately 4-5 times a year) because I like the rooms and the area a lot, I always find something nice to do like shopping or just take a walk. Great breakfast, sometimes the breakfast restaurant is calm and I’m almost alone but sometimes very crowded. The hotel also have running groups – great idea.
The location is perfect in Neustadt. Short walking distance to all kind of shopping and places to eat.
The hotel itself holds a very nice standard. It looks good has Nordic profile and seems clean and for the most in order.
There is a nice bar area behind the reception and they serve a really good red wine, Black Print from Schneider.
The hotel restaurant is also nice and you can choose to dine in if you feel like it. Some in my company complained that the food was to salty. I can relate to that, but I like a bit of salt.
If you need to stay in city centre this hotel can be recommended.
This hotel was in a good location a short walk away from most of the markets. At the time of booking we were a little concerned as it was considerably cheaper than the others on offer, however it was great. Just like any other chain hotel, but perhaps a little nicer than some.
The location is just outside of the shopping area which is convenient. There is also a tube station close if you need it (we walked everywhere).
Staff at the hotel are very welcoming and friendly, any questions or queries we had were dealt with promptly and efficiently.
The food is great. Buffet breakfast which is incredible value and carries the full selection you would expect from a 4* hotel. By pure accident we stopped for dinner and were very surprised by the quality of the food. The steak was probably the best we had ever had.
Overall a great stay. We will definitely look out for this hotel group again.
How much does a room costs at Scandic Hamburg Emporio ?
This room features a coffee machine, a filled minibar, wooden flooring, floor-to-ceiling windows with black-out curtains and a bathroom with a hairdryer, cosmetic mirror, and a shower or bathtub. The room also includes a flat-screen TV with a selection of film channels, a desk, air conditioning, ironing facilities, a laptop safe and a seating area.
Where to book online –Scandic Hamburg Emporio – Gay Friendly Hotels Hamburg – you can find the best hotels deals in Hamburg during Osterstraßenfest which is celebrated with much enthusiasm in Hamburg on Booking.com or Hotelscombined.com or Trip.com and see more reviews on TripAdvisor.
3. Hotel Village 3* – Gay Friendly Hotels Hamburg Germany
This 3-star hotel is located close to thein the St. Georg district of Hamburg. It offers modern rooms, free Wi-Fi, and throughout the day.
The Hotel Village’s rooms include cable TV and free Wi-Fi. Some rooms have a bed canopy and a mirrored ceiling.
is served until late every day at the Hotel Village. It is available until 11:00 during the week, and until 12:00 at weekends.
Within 3 minutes’ walk of Hauptbahnhof U-Bahn and S-Bahn stations, this whimsical hotel in a former upscale brothel is 4 km from St. Pauli Piers and 7 km from Tierpark Hagenbeck zoo.
Plush rooms offer free Wi-Fi, and some have balconies and/or flat-screen TVs. Distinctive features in some rooms include copper sinks, gold-painted ceilings and canopy beds. There’s no air-conditioning.
A free breakfast buffet is served in a traditional dining room. Coffee is available throughout the day.
See why so many travellers make Hotel Village their hotel of choice when visiting Hamburg. Providing an ideal mix of value, comfort and convenience, it offers a quaint setting with an array of amenities designed for travellers like you.
Nearby landmarks such as Moenckebergstrasse Shopping (0.3 mi) and Town Hall (0.8 mi) make Hotel Village a great place to stay when visiting Hamburg.
In addition, while staying at Hotel Village guests have access to 24 hour front desk, a convenience store, and express check-in and check-out, and you can stay connected with free wifi. You can also enjoy a lounge while staying at Hotel Village.
Hamburg has plenty of steakhouses. So when you’re here, be sure to check out popular spots like Estancia Steaks, Theo’s, and meatery, which are serving up some great dishes.
If you’re looking for something to do, Miniatur Wunderland (1.1 mi) is a nice way to spend some time, and it is within walking distance of Hotel Village.
At Hotel Village, your comfort and satisfaction come first, and they look forward to welcoming you to Hamburg.
It is well located, very closed to the main train station, coaches station, taxis and the heart of the city.
It appear so camp and flashy, but this hotel has a deep appeal and personality.
Great room, spotless bathroom and an excellent breakfast in a nice and cozy room.
The rooms are used for photo shoots for fashion and Hamburg lifestyle.
Both members of staff that I came across were friendly and forthcoming, The breakfast was outstanding. A true northern German spread.
If you ever make it here, pay the extra for a real room and not the hostel/shared bathroom one. The experience will be so much better.
Oh, and the location is amazing, too. Just a 5 minute walk from the main train station.
A little gem of a hotel. Warm, friendly and interested staff. Cosy, funny rooms. And great value for money.
We had two great nights in this little hotel in the center of Hamburg. We had one of the top floor rooms with a balcony. A fun and kitschy room – though as the toilet doesn’t allow for much privacy, perhaps not the best room for a first date…
The hotel’s interior design is wonderfully camp and eclectic. It’s an old charming building with a lot of stairs and no elevator. So if you got a bad hip, you should probably request a room on the lower floors.
The breakfast buffet has everything you could wish for, including boiled eggs cooked to order. The staff is helpful and will gladly advice you on which sites in beautiful Hamburg you absolutely must visit.
Yes, there is no elevator. The stairs are steep and it’s a trek all the way to the fifth floor if that is the room you’re assigned, so if your legs or health are poor, let them know when booking. The neighborhood is a bit sketchy (but it’s right next to the station so that is expected) and the furnishings are not to everybody’s taste.
But the staff is exceptionally friendly (we met the young man from the evening reception shift and the breakfast lady), the owner a young and enthusiastic entrepreneur, and the breakfast has every bit of attention to detail that is often lacking in other places. And what a unique opportunity to stay in a place that so richly embodies the history of the city!
The rooms are uniquely decorated and don’t hide the fact that this was a house of ill repute in former days. It adds a playfulness to the whole interior and the stay, but it’s never vulgar. Red velvet, gold colored furnishings and lots of mirrors will remind you in case you forget where you are. We thought it was a lovely tribute and a tip of the hat to the many hardworking women that crossed its threshold, and who formed such an intricate part of Hamburg’s history.
How much does a room costs at Hotel Village Hamburg ?
Prices start 105$/night for Standard Double Room.
Where to book online – Hotel Village – Gay Friendly Hotels Hamburg – you can find the best hotels deals in Hamburg during Osterstraßenfest which is celebrated with much enthusiasm in Hamburg on Booking.com or Hotelscombined.com or Expedia.com and see more reviews on TripAdvisor.
4. Barceló Hamburg 4* – LGBT Friendly Hotels Hamburg
Featuring ainterior, this 4-star-Superior hotel in central Hamburg offers an elegant restaurant, lobby bar and sauna and fitness facilities. It is just 500 m from Hamburg Central Station.
Offering free Wi-Fi, the contemporary Spanish-style rooms at the Barceló Hamburg come with a flat-screen TV, iPod docking station and ceiling-high windows. Many offer a work desk and air conditioning.
The 1700 restaurant serves as a breakfast café, dining room, meeting point and an à la carte restaurant offering Mediterranean dishes with a northern German touch made from ingredients that are locally sourced. The B-Lounge offers a restaurant, wine bar and patio terrace.
Guests can work out in the gym or enjoy the sauna.
A 5-minute walk from the Mönckebergstraße U-Bahn station, this sleek hotel in the city center is a 5-minute walk from the Kunsthalle Hamburg art museum.
Offering polished modern decor, hardwood floors and glass accents, the bright rooms have free Wi-Fi, flat-screen TVs, and bathrooms with heated floors, plus minibars, iPod docks and safes. Suites add separate living rooms, espresso machines and panoramic city views.
There’s an upscale tapas restaurant and a wine bar, along with a breakfast buffet (fee) served in a chic dining room/bar with a shaded terrace.
The Barcelo Hamburg is located in the heart of the city of Hamburg, is well-connected, and very close to the main tourist attractions. Thanks to its central location the hotel is part of Hamburg’s innovative pace of life, although it also provides peace and quiet. A unique hotel, both for pleasure and business trips, with free Wi-Fi and 45 parking spaces.
The location in the city is perfect: near public transportation and within walking distance to the city center and the main museums.
The hotel is clean and the rooms are very comfortable and equipped with all you can expect in a 4 star/superior hotel. I stayed in a Deluxe room.
There’s a buffet breakfast in the morning it is possible to order also specific dishes like for example scrambled eggs.
The personnel at the reception is very welcoming and helpful.
I can say that for me this hotel has been a great choice and I was able to visit the city and also to organize a day trip to Lübeck and Travemunde. The train station is also within walking distance.
Great location, close to train station and walking distance to city centre. Friendly, welcoming staff, who spoke excellent English. Comfortable rooms, with choice of pillows, and were very clean. Good choice of food at breakfast.
Great location for Alster, train station and shopping and very quiet area. Sankt Pauli and the harbour is a bit further away but still within walking distance.
Hotel has a very corporate feeling to it and efficiency seems to be of high priority. Do not expect a personal touch.
Breakfast is great but expensive. You could try the Campus Suite just around the corner instead.
There’s a huge bed in the standard room and a window that actually opens. Bathroom is “walk-in” type so no doors and I lacked body lotion and conditioner in the room.
e really enjoyed our stay at Barcelo. It was clean, modern and in a great location – it was close to the centre for shopping, close to various underground stops, within easy walking distance of the key places of interest we wanted to see (St Nikolai Memorial & St Michaelis Church) and round the corner of Lake Alster, where we watched a great firework display at New Years!
The only minor thing was that because we were on the 8th floor, when it was windy the window that could be opened really rattled, even though it was closed. If we were staying for longer we may have requested to stay in a lower floor.
The biggest selling point of this hotel is definitely it’s location. Right next to the train station and main shopping streets, and within walking distance of many other areas/attractions.
The hotel itself is very modern and sleek. The lobby is nice but very quiet. Reception are generally helpful, although when we came to leave we had to find someone to help us from the back office as reception had been left unattended.
The rooms are spacious and clean. The open plan setting is modern, and I was aware of this before booking but really didn’t realise on a practical level how little privacy this would afford guests. The door to the toilet was sliding, and with no lock wouldn’t close securely.
Moreover, this may be specific to our room but we were beside the lifts. The noise from the lift machinery was content and must be heard by guests in any room in this position, regardless of what floor they are on.
We did not eat in the hotel. The restaurant was very quiet and when I checked TripAdvisor for reviews the mention of rats by many guests meant that we chose not to eat here.
A good standard of hotel but my personal experience could have been better.
How much does a room costs at Barceló Hamburg ?
Modern suite with stylish furniture, flat-screen TV and complimentary toiletries in the private bathroom.
It also includes a spacious work area, a separate living area with a sofa, 2 LCD televisions and a Senseo coffee machine.
Where to book online –Barceló Hamburg – Gay Friendly Hotels Hamburg – you can find the best hotels deals in Hamburg during Osterstraßenfest which is celebrated with much enthusiasm in Hamburg on Booking.com or Hotelscombined.com or Trip.com and see more reviews on TripAdvisor.
5. ARCOTEL Rubin Hamburg 4* – Gay Friendly Hotels Hamburg
Named after the German word for ruby and boasting a red theme throughout, the 4-star superior ARCOTEL Rubin offers free WiFi and spacious rooms with flat-screen TVs. It lies in Hamburg’s lively St. Georg district, 500 m from Hamburg Central Station.
Its air-conditioned rooms include soundproofed windows, leather furnishings and cordless telephones.
Guests can enjoy delicious cocktails and beers at the on site bar.
The many shops and cafés of the Lange Reihe street are just 5 minutes away on foot. The Außenalster Lake is a 10-minute walk and the Reeperbahn is a 15-minutes drive by car.
Set in the St. Georg district, this contemporary hotel is a 2-minute walk from Lohmühlenstraße U-bahn station, 3 km from Elbphilharmonie concert hall and 3.5 km from St. Pauli Piers.
Modern rooms with colorful accents feature free Wi-Fi, flat-screen TVs and desks, as well as minibars. Upgraded rooms add tea and coffee making facilities, and suites provide sitting areas with sofas. Children age 12 and under stay free. Room service is available.
There’s a casual restaurant; a breakfast buffet is available for a fee. Other amenities include 6 meeting rooms and a 7th-floor fitness room with city views.
Located in the heart of Hamburg and its trendy cultural district of St. Georg, the 4-star gay friendly hotels Hamburg with the superior design is the ideal starting point for city and business trips. The city centre, numerous sights, the river Alster, Hamburg’s exhibition grounds and the central railway station are situated within walking distance or a short ride on public transport.
The ARCOTEL Rubin lets guests’ eyes sparkle in Hamburg, the “Pearl of the North”. The 4-star superior hotel offers both genial Austrian hospitality as well as top-class service thus treating its guests to an enjoyable stay in the Hanseatic city.
The room was warm, clean and comfortable. The hotel has a fresh and exciting decor. The location provides great access to the city but an oasis from the hustle and bustle of Hamburg. The neighbourhood is full of great restaurants and shops, cultural venues and a beautiful waterfront park with great walking and cycling trails. For gay folks like us the surrounding gayborhood is home to many wonderful bars and pubs! This was truly a place to live like a local.
The hotel is walking distance from HBF and I had no problems wheeling my suitcase till the hotel. There is a gurdwara behind the hotel and a gay club within 50m for those who are interested.
This hotel is perfectly located from the centre of Hamburg, walking distance to the famous town hall, museums and church spires, it is also close to the small gay scene if your into that. The hotel itself is very clean, spacious inside albeit a bit sparse and empty looking. Bright decor ! and the bar serve local beers. The rooms are of a good size and good bathrooms.
It is by no means luxurious but it isn’t low end either. Perfect for a cheap weekend in this beautiful city…I would return.
The staff are very friendly and extremely helpful.
There are better hotels in Hamburg, but considering price of rooms this does represent better value, close to area nearby with lots of local.
Bars and restaurants (and not touristy) gay district nearby, handy for main station also.
Comfortable room, pleasant staff, very very nice breakfast and a reasonable price for a 5 night stay.
The room has lots of power outlets if you have to charge up lots of devices. Shower is powerful and hot. Free WiFi is OK for surfing but not streaming content.
All the reception, breakfast, bar and other staff were professional, friendly and effective.
The neighbourhood is fantastic and lively, not at all dangerous… For those of you with such delicate sensitivities that middle eastern people or gay people or the occasional sex worker appears so threatening, then I suggest you never leave your home.
From the middle eastern grocers, we got some really cheap and delicious fruit for snacking. There’s a Lidl supermarket across the street for inexpensive provisions. The gay cafe Gnosa nearby is very nice and popular with everyone regardless of sexual orientation. The hotel is also across the street from a police station.
. The 10-minute walk from Hamburg Central Station is through a typical multi-ethnic neighborhood that can be found in any large city throughout Europe. Personally, I don’t find anything particularly ‘dodgy’ about the area and am quite amazed that other reviewers perceive Steindamm Islamic influence, Turkish green grocers, quiet gay pubs, and a handful of innocuous ‘adult’ shops to be threatening… you need to get out more!
I would hate to see potential guests at this fantastic hotel scared off by an urban street scene that is in no way different from the city centres of Amsterdam, Paris, or Berlin. Hamburg is not a sanitized suburb but a bustling, international port city with a reputation as a multicultural party town. This area simply reflects that tradition. If the Steindamm feels threatening, I would hate to see the same reviewers visit Hamburg’s famous Reeperbahn in the St. Pauli district… they may never leave the hotel again!
I have stayed at the Arcotel Rubin many times for business and cannot recommend it highly enough. Excellent proximity to the S-bahn and central station for easy connections to the airport and the rest of the city. The hotel’s restaurant, Wiener Kaffee, serves excellent Viennese coffee and high-quality food. The hotel’s staff are friendly, polite and extremely professional. Clean, comfortable rooms. Lovely sauna and spa facilities on the top floor. Exceptional value for money.
Room was spacious, very clean overlooking the street. The hotel bar is nicely designed, very attractive, good prices for a hotel bar. Breakfast was excellent a mixture of hot and cold dishes, very polite hard working waiting staff.
Just less than ten minutes walk away is the Lange Reihe district a quaint and attractive area which is a long street of bars and restaurants with a mix of gay and straight clientele.
I would highly recommend this hotel, close to the train station, close to a nice restaurant and bar scene.
One of the best hotels I stayed at in Germany. I went to Hamburg for a weekend trip and decided to stay there, despite some complaints about the location that I found in the internet. The location proved to be quite good. It’s in a gay/immigrant area, very lively, and close to a metro station as well as the main train station.
How much does a room costs at ARCOTEL Rubin Hamburg ?
Air-conditioned suite featuring free WiFi, a flat-screen TV, soundproofing, and a minibar. A hairdryer is provided in the en suite bathroom.
This junior suite offers a leather couch, free high speed internet, armchairs and a coffee-tea set.
Where to book online –ARCOTEL Rubin Hamburg- Gay Friendly Hotels Hamburg – you can find the best hotels deals in Hamburg during Osterstraßenfest which is celebrated with much enthusiasm in Hamburg on Booking.com or Hotelscombined.com or Trip.com and see more reviews on TripAdvisor.