nepal trekking

Popular Mountains of the Annapurna Region


Nepal’s Annapurna region, cradled in the mighty Himalayas, is a realm of awe-inspiring mountains, each with its own unique charm.

Let’s embark on a comprehensive journey through the peaks of the Annapurna massif, Nilgiri, Dhaulagiri, Tilicho Peak, Gangapurna, Machapuchare, Tent Peak, Pisang Peak, and Hiunchuli, uncovering their heights, etymology, climbing chronicles, prime viewpoints, and the cultural and religious tapestry that weaves around them.

Annapurna Massif:

The Annapurna massif, a regal assembly comprising Annapurna I (8,091m/26,545ft), Annapurna II (7,937m/26,040ft), Annapurna III (7,555m/24,787ft), Annapurna South (7,219m/23,684ft), and Hiunchuli (6,441m/21,132ft), holds a mythical allure.

“Annapurna,” derived from Sanskrit, translates to “Goddess of Harvests.” Annapurna I, the first 8,000-meter peak conquered in 1950, beckons adventurers.

The Annapurna Base Camp and Poon Hill unveil the grandeur of this massif, revered in the local Gurung culture as sacred and integral to their festivals.

Nilgiri – Annapurna Mountains

At 7,061 meters (23,163 feet), Nilgiri commands attention with its name signifying the “Blue Mountain.” Climbers etched their mark in 1962 on this French expedition-conquered peak.

The Nilgiri Base Camp trek unveils breathtaking vistas, offering a glimpse into the lives of locals. Nilgiri’s towering presence adds a majestic touch to the cultural richness of the surrounding villages.


Dhaulagiri, soaring to 8,167 meters (26,795 feet), translates to the “White Mountain” in Sanskrit. A Swiss/Austrian team’s triumph in 1960 marked its climbing history.

The Dhaulagiri Circuit trek unfolds unrivaled panoramas, and Muktinath’s sacred grounds offer a spiritual perspective.

Dhaulagiri stands not only as a geographical marvel but as a symbol woven into the cultural and religious fabric of the region.

Tilicho Peak:

Standing tall at 7,134 meters (23,405 feet), Tilicho Peak is an enigma with an unclear etymology.

Trekkers are drawn to the Tilicho Base Camp trek, where the mountain’s beauty is mirrored in the pristine waters of Tilicho Lake.

While lacking explicit cultural ties, Tilicho Peak adds a spiritual allure to the Annapurna region, harmonizing with the traditions of nearby villages.


At 7,454 meters (24,457 feet), Gangapurna’s name translates to the “Ganges Mountain.” Climbing history dates back to the 1960s, with its challenging ascent.

Views from the Annapurna Base Camp and the serene Gangapurna Lake encapsulate its allure.

Culturally, Gangapurna is intertwined with local traditions, symbolizing both beauty and challenge.


annapurna mountains
annapurna mountains

Machhapuchhre, standing at 6,993 meters (22,943 feet), is aptly named “Fish Tail” due to its double-summit resembling a fishtail. Climbing is prohibited to respect its sacred status.

Views of Machhapuchhreare splendid from the Annapurna Base Camp trek and the Ghandruk viewpoint.

Locals consider it sacred, and its unique shape holds significance in Hindu and Buddhist beliefs.

Climbing is strictly prohibited to respect its sacred status

Tent Peak (Tharpu Chuli):

Tent Peak, or Tharpu Chuli, at 5,663 meters (18,579 feet), is a popular trekking peak. Its name’s meaning remains unclear, but its accessibility makes it a favorite among trekkers seeking a challenging yet attainable summit.

While not specifically associated with local culture or religion, Tent Peak’s prominence adds an adventurous touch to the Annapurna Sanctuary trek.

Pisang Peak:

Pisang Peak, standing at 6,091 meters (19,984 feet), beckons climbers with its unnamed allure. The Annapurna Circuit and Pisang Peak trek offer stunning views.

The region’s rich Tibetan-influenced culture, with traditional villages and monasteries, enhances the appeal of Pisang Peak.



Hiunchuli, standing at 6,441 meters (21,132 feet), is a lesser-known gem in the Annapurna region. The name’s meaning remains elusive, contributing to the mountain’s mystique.

While not a prominent climbing destination, the views of Hiunchuli from the Annapurna Base Camp trek add to the overall allure of this less-explored peak.

In conclusion, the Annapurna region stands as a testament to nature’s grandeur and cultural richness. These peaks, with their storied histories and spiritual significance, beckon adventurers to explore and appreciate the splendor they bestow upon this Himalayan sanctuary.

Whether a seasoned mountaineer or an intrepid trekker, the Annapurna region promises an unforgettable journey through the heart of the

by Sorin

Sorin is a freelance travel writer. He is an experienced travel writer and traveller. Since 2012 he explored more than 60 countries on 4 continents: Asia, Europe, Africa and North America. Currently is based in Romania after spending the last 7 years in Myanmar.